您现在的位置:首页 > 学科科研 > 学科简介
学科简介

我校材料科学与工程学科是我国高校历史上最为悠久的学科之一,其前身为唐山路矿学堂矿冶科,始建于1905 年。百余年来,本学科孕育了一大批卓有建树的材料学科专业人才, 包括3位“两弹一星”功勋奖章获得者和15位中国科学院、工程院院士等在内的一大批国内外知 名的专家学者、企业家及管理人才,为我国科学技术进步、国民经济建设特别是现代轨道交 通发展做出了重大贡献。

1.总体定位与发展目标明确

本学科以国家重大战略需求和区域经济发展要求为导向,以高端人才培养和学科队伍建 设为核心,其目标是建设成为特色鲜明,以高端人才领军,具有国家级教学、科学研究和技 术服务平台,面向国家重大需求、国民经济和社会发展主战场,在国内有较大影响、在部分 领域国际知名的一流材料科学与工程学科。

2.科学研究特色鲜明、研究平台完善、科研经费充足

材料科学与工程学科是轨道交通国家实验室的 6 大功能模块之一。此外,依托本学科还建立了国家实验教学示范中心,以及材料先进技术教育部重点实验室、人工器官表面工程 2 个省部级重点实验室,四川省低维复合材料工程技研究中心和四川省现代焊接及表面工程 技术研究中心 2 个省级工程技术研究中心等一批创新平台,并配置了先进的研究条件。

本学科现拥有一支优秀的学术队伍,包括中国科学院院士 1 名(双聘)、中国工程院院士1名(双聘)、国家千人计划全职专家 1人、跨(新)世纪人才 3人、享受国务院特殊津贴专家 3人、四川省学术技术带头人 3人、四川省千人计划入选者 1人、教育部教指委委员 1人、教授(研究员)22人、副教授(副研究员)26 人,其中博士生导师 13人,硕士生导师 50人。 近年,本学科加大从国内外高水平研究机构引进人才的力度,通过国外引进和自主培养的一 批中青年学术骨干逐步成为学术带头人,已形成一支勇于创新、结构合理、实力雄厚、具有 国际学术影响力的高水平师资队伍。

围绕学校“建设交通特色的多学科协调发展的高水平研究型大学”目标,本学科以轨道 交通材料、生物材料和功能材料为主要发展方向,在轨道交通装备、特种功能高分子材料、 生物材料及高性能医疗器械等领域具有明显优势,特别是,轨道交通领域焊接及成型加工、 高端装备材料及工艺、大型金属结构设计及制造等学科方向的科研成果在轨道交通领域得到 得到广泛的应用。材料成型及控制工程专业连续三年进入全国排名前十,入列 5 星专业行列。

近四年(2012-2015 年),承担国家“973”课题、“863”项目、国家支撑计划、国家自然 科学基金、国防预研基金、国防基础科研计划、新世纪人才基金等国家和省部级科研项目 79余项,其他项目 142 余项,累计经费 7900 余万元。近四年,发表 SCI 论文 420 余篇,其中 8 篇入选 ESI 高水平检索论文;主持国际会议 3 次,鉴定成果及获得省部级科技奖励 7 项(其 中包括参与国家科技进步二等奖 1 项和主持四川省科技进步一等奖 1 项),授权国家发明专利72 项。

3.人才培养目标明确

面向国家重大战略需求,立足国家经济和社会发展,在培养具备高素质、创新性能力的 基础科学研究人才的基础上,以提高学生研究能力、综合素质和社会竞争力为目标,推进校 企合作、工医结合、学科交叉,走产学研结合的道路,加强实践教学环节,努力培养基础扎 实、动手能力强、综合素质高的创新性人才;发挥行业优势,加强和铁路企业的科技合作及 人才培养。研究生就业率保持在 92%以上,研究生培养质量得到用人单位的广泛好评和赞誉。

4.学科方向设置合理

材料科学与工程一级学科设置材料学、材料物理化学和材料加工工程等 3 个二级学科。 面向国家重大战略需求和国际材料科学、生物医学工程前沿领域,围绕我校建设交通特色的 多学科协调发展的高水平研究型大学目标,逐步形成了以(1)轨道交通材料及服役行为、(2) 材料连接、(3)生物材料、(4)功能高分子材料、(5)材料动态行为及表征以及(6)纳米材 料及器械等 6 个特色学科方向。

5.国内外学术影响力和行业竞争力进一步提升

研究成果多次被国际著名专家学者、著名期刊、媒体等多次报道和引用。生物材料方向 研究被国际杂志《Biomaterials》主编 D.F.Williams 教授誉为亚洲最好的从事生物材料研究的 实验室之一。轨道交通装备研究成果受到胡锦涛总书记的赞扬,研究人员被总书记亲切接见。 特种功能高分子材料搭载“天宫一号”实验室,并正在为我国空间站的建立提供保障。

近四年,本学科与 30 余个国际著名学术机构或科研院所建立了长期合作关系,邀请包括5 位诺贝尔奖获得者在内的国际国内著名专家学者来校访问 200 余次,数十位教师担任国际国 内期刊编委、国内各类学会常务理事、副理事长、秘书长等职务,教师和研究生参加国际国 内会议数百次。培养的各类人才为国家科技进步,国民经济发展做出了重大贡献。

中央电视台《新闻联播》及 CCTV 新闻频道特别节目《超级实验室》专题报道了部分本 学科人员在加速科技成果转化、为经济发展提供持续动力方面的贡献,在全社会产生巨大反 响。

本学科进入 ESI 世界排名前 0.6%,位列全球 ESI 材料科学排名第 440 位。



The discipline of Materials and Engineering of Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU) was founded in 1905 and it is one of the oldest disciplines in Chinese higher education history. It was originally named Discipline of Mining and Metallurgy of Tangshan College of Railway and Mining. Since its establishment over 100 years ago, large number of outstanding professionals in materials science graduated from this discipline, they included three “Two Bombs and One Star Medal” winners, fifteen Academicians of CAS or Academicians of CAE, many famous entrepreneurs, and many excellent managers. All of them made a great contribution to the progress of Chinese science & technology, national economy, and rail transit.

1.Specific Overall Positioning and Development Goals

This discipline adheres to fulfill the requirements for the national strategy-oriented and development of region economy-oriented. The central of this discipline is to educate top talents and reinforcing academic team construction. We will build a characteristic national teaching, scientific research, and technology services platform and it will be led by top talents. This platform will satisfy national discipline demands, national economic and social development. It will be built world-first-class discipline of materials science and engineering.

2.Distinctive Scientific Research, Perfect Research Platform, and Adequate Research Funding

Materials science and engineering is one of the six function modules in National Laboratory of Rail Transportation. One National Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center, two provincial and ministerial key laboratories, including Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials Technology (Ministry of Education) and Engineering Laboratory of Artificial Organs Surface, and another two engineering technological research centesr, including Low Dimensional Composites Research Center and Modern Welding and Surface Engineering Research Center, are established by relying on our discipline

Advanced research conditions are equipped on a number of innovative platforms, including Sichuan Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Low Dimensional Composite and Sichuan Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Modern Welding and Surface.

Our discipline has many outstanding academic teams now, including one academician of CAS ( double hired), one academician of CAE (double hired), one full-time expert of national thousand talents plan, three cross (new) century talents, Three experts enjoying special allowance of state council, three academic and technical leaders of Sichuan Province, one thousand talents plan candidate of Sichuan Province, one committee of the Ministry of Education, twenty-two professor (researcher), Twenty-six associate professor (associate researcher), among them are thirteen PhD tutor and fifty master tutor. In recent years, our discipline increases efforts on introducing talents from domestic and foreign research institutions with high level. A group of young academic researchers via introducing from abroad or own education have gradually become academic leaders. A high level teaching team with innovation, reasonable structure, strong ability and international academic influence has formed.

With the target of “building a high level research university with both traffic characteristics and coordinated development of the multi disciplines”, the main focus of this discipline are on rail transport material, biological material and functional material. Our discipline are of great strength in rail transportation equipment, special functional polymer materials, biological materials and high performance medical equipment and many other field, especially, the research achievements in welding and forming process of rail transit, leading-edge materials and technology, large metal structure design and manufacture and some other directions have been widely used in rail transport. Besides, the speciality material forming and control engineering has been the national top 10, 5 star speciality for 3 consecutive years.

In the past 4 years (2012-2015), the national "973" project, "863" project, the National Support Plan, the National Natural Science Foundation, the National Defense Foundation, the Defense Basic Research Program, the New Century Personnel Foundation and other national, provincial and ministerial level scientific research projects, more than 79 items in total. The numbers of other projections are 142. The total research grant in the past 4 years is more than 79 million yuan. In the recent 4 years, more than 420 SCI papers were published, 8 of which were selected as high level ESI papers. Three international conferences were held. Identification results and provincial or ministry science and technology awards were awarded to us for 7 times, 72 national patents were authorized.

3.Specific Personnel Training Goal

This discipline fulfills the national requirement and bases on the state economy and social development. On the basis of cultivating the basic scientific researchers with high-quality and innovation abilities, this discipline is aiming at enhancing the research capabilities, comprehensive qualities and social competitive power of the entire students. Furthermore, the school-enterprise cooperation, material-medicine integrate and interdisciplinary are promoted, as well the practical teaching is strengthened. Finally, we strive to cultivate the innovative talents with the solid foundations, strong practical abilities and high comprehensive qualities, then to take our industrial advantages to strengthen the cooperation with the railway enterprises. In our efforts, the employment rates of the graduate students have remained above 92% for many years. More importantly, the cultivation qualities of our graduate students received the widespread and high praises from their employers.

4.Reasonable Discipline Direction Settings

The secondary disciplines of Materials Science, Material Physical Chemistry and Materials Processing Engineering constitute the first-level discipline of Materials Science and Engineering. In order to face the national great strategic demand and the frontier domains of international materials science and biomedical engineering, 6 characteristic discipline directions have been formed. They are as follows: (1) Rail Transit Materials and Service Behavior, (2) Materials Bonding, (3) Biological Materials, (4) Functional Polymer Materials, (5) Material Dynamic Behavior and Characterization and (6) Nanometer Materials and Devices.

5.Further  Improvement  of  the  Domestic  and  Overseas  Academic  Influence  and  Industrial Competitiveness

The research achievements have been reported and quoted for many times by the international specialists and scholars, the internationally recognized journals and medias. Specially, the biological materials direction was praised as one of the best labs for the research of biological materials in Asian by Prof. D.F.Williams who is the chief editor of "Biomaterials". Besides, the research results of the railway transportation equipment were praised by President Hu Jintao, and the president had an amiable meeting with our researchers. Furthermore, the special functional polymer materials developed in our discipline, which was ever carried by the lab named Tiangong-1, are providing guarantee for the building of our national spaceport.

In the past 4 years, our discipline has established the long-term cooperation relations with more than 30 famous international academic and scientific research institutions. Our discipline has been visited for over 200 times by international and domestic famous specialists and scholars, including 5 Nobel Laureates. Dozens of teachers took charge of the international and domestic Editorial Advisory Boards, various domestic academy executive directors, vice directors, secretary-generals and other duties. Moreover, our teachers and graduate students have attended hundreds of the international and domestic meetings. Finally, various talents whom we cultured made significant contributions to our national scientific-technical progress and economic development.

The "CCTV news" and a special program of "Super Lab" from CCTV news channel reported specially that part of members in our discipline contributed for accelerating the commercialization of research findings and providing the consistent power for the economic development. These reports aroused great repercussions for the whole society.

       Our discipline has moved into the top 0.6% of ESI world ranking, which ranked No. 440 in the global ESI Materials Science.